Wisdom of the Saints:

St. Vincent De Paul

The deathbed confession of a dying servant opened Vincent de Paul’s eyes to the crying spiritual needs of the peasantry of France. This seems to have been a crucial moment in the life of the man from a small farm in Gascony, France, who had become a priest with little more ambition than to have a comfortable life.



The Countess de Gondi—whose servant St. Vincent De Paul had helped—persuaded her husband to endow and support a group of able and zealous missionaries who would work among poor tenant farmers and country people in general.  St. Vincent was too humble to accept leadership at first, but after working for some time in Paris among imprisoned galley-slaves, he returned to be the leader of what is now known as the Congregation of the Mission, or the Vincentians. These priests make vows of poverty, chastity, obedience, and stability.   They were to devote themselves entirely to the people in smaller towns and villages.

St.Vincent would later establish confraternities of charity for the spiritual and physical relief of the poor and sick of parishes.   From these, with the help of Saint Louise de Marillac, came the Daughters of Charity, “whose convent is the sickroom, whose chapel is the parish church, whose cloister is the streets of the city.”    A chapter of the Daughters of Charity can be found at St. John’s University in Queens, NY.

St Vincent De Paul organized the rich women of Paris to collect funds for his missionary projects, founded several hospitals, collected relief funds for the victims of war, and ransomed over 1,200 galley-slaves from North Africa.   He was zealous in conducting retreats for clergy at a time when there was great laxity, abuse, and ignorance among them. He was a pioneer in clerical training and was instrumental in establishing seminaries.


Most remarkably, Vincent was by temperament a very irascible person—even his friends admitted it. He said that except for the grace of God he would have been “hard and repulsive, rough and cross.” But he became a tender and affectionate man, very sensitive to the needs of others.


Pope Leo XIII made St, Vincent De Paul the patron of all charitable societies.  And organizations bearing his name can be found in many dioceses worldwide.