The Saints Speak of the Rosary
St. Dominic introduced The Rosary in the twelfth century. The Church had been plagued by a terrible heresy and St. Dominic prayed to the Blessed Mother’s intercession It is said that she told him to preach devotion to the Holy Rosary. St. Dominic obeyed and through his prayers, the heresy was halted.
The Rosary is a prayer reflecting on the events in the life of Jesus and the Blessed Mother. During this prayer, one reflects on mysteries correlating with events in the history of salvation. Pope Pius V originally established 3 Mysteries comprised of the Joyful Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries, and the Glorious Mysteries. St. Pope John Paul II established the fourth mystery in 2002: the Luminous Mysteries. The Glorious Mysteries are prayed on Sunday and Wednesday, the Joyful on Monday and Saturday, the Sorrowful on Tuesday and Friday, and the Luminous on Thursday. However, we can meditate on the Joyful Mysteries on Sundays during Advent and Christmas, and the Sorrowful Mysteries on the Sundays of Lent.
Each mystery contains 5 decades. The mysteries bring to mind and enable one to reflect on incidents in the life of Jesus and the Blessed Mother. The Joyful Mysteries lead us to meditate on the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity, The Presentation, and the Finding of Jesus in the Temple. The Sorrowful Mysteries enable us to meditate on the Agony in the Garden, the Scourging at the Pillar, The Crowning with Thorns, The Carrying of the Cross, and the Crucifixion. During the Luminous Mysteries, we reflect on the Baptism of Jesus in the Jordan, the Wedding at Cana. Jesus’ Proclamation of the Kingdom of God, the Transfiguration, and the Institution of the Eucharist. Lastly, the Glorious Mysteries invite us to meditate on the Resurrection, the Ascension, the Descent of the Holy Spirit, The Assumption of Mary, and the Crowning of Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth.
Most of the popes have promoted the Rosary as part of the veneration of Mary in the Catholic Church as it is a meditation on the life of Christ. Pope St. John Paul II and Pope Francis are strong advocates of the Rosary – of which they constantly talked about during their papacy. During most of the apparitions of the Blessed Mother, she called on all to pray the Rosary. The saints and church leaders have had strong devotions to the Blessed Mother and the Rosary.
Let us develop the spiritual habit of daily praying the Rosary. The Church celebrates Our Lady of the Rosary on October 7.