According to the National Bishops’ Conference, there are an estimated 3 million African American Catholics in the U.S. It has been said that are more black Catholics than members of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States. The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) reports that, as of January 2020, there were 798 parishes considered to be predominantly African-American. The 5 dioceses with the largest number of African-American Catholics are the Diocese of Brooklyn, Archdiocese of New York, Archdiocese of Los Angeles, Archdiocese of Chicago, and the Archdiocese of Miami. There are a large number of African, Caribbean, Central, and South American black Catholics who live and worship in the United States. Many dioceses have established ethnic apostolate offices. However, because each apostolate appears to be autonomous, they seem to fail to address black catholic concerns they may have in common.

To serve the estimated 3 million African-American Catholics in the United States there are 7 active Black bishops in the US and the US Virgin Islands.  Currently 3 U.S. dioceses are headed by Black bishops: Archdiocese of Washington, DC, Archdiocese of Louisville, Ky, and the Diocese of Charleston, SC.  The Diocese of St Thomas in the US Virgin Islands is headed by an African bishop.  In 2020, His Eminence Wilton Gregory became the first African-American Cardinal in the US. There are an estimated 250 priests of African descent, 437 deacons, and 75 men of African descent in seminary formation for the priesthood in the United States. There are an estimated 400 African American religious sisters and 50 religious brothers.

The USCCB estimated that the Black population in the United States is approximately 41 million people (12.9% of the total U.S. population and 3% self-identify as Hispanic or Latino). By 2050, this population is expected to almost double its present size to 62 million, and it will increase its percentage of the population to 16%.